Science of Reading Bulletin

 

The Role of Phonemic Awareness in Literacy Development

Phonemic awareness is the ability to hear, identify, and manipulate individual sounds—phonemes—in spoken words. This foundational skill is crucial for reading development because it directly supports the understanding and use of the alphabetic principle, where letters...

Teaching High-Frequency Words: A Sound-Symbol Approach

The journey to becoming a proficient reader and writer begins with a solid foundation in understanding words and their structures. Traditionally, high-frequency and irregular words have been taught through memorization, a method that often falls short of promoting...