Science of Reading Bulletin

 

The Role of Phonemic Awareness in Literacy Development

Phonemic awareness is the ability to hear, identify, and manipulate individual sounds—phonemes—in spoken words. This foundational skill is crucial for reading development because it directly supports the understanding and use of the alphabetic principle, where letters...

Teaching High-Frequency Words: A Sound-Symbol Approach

The journey to becoming a proficient reader and writer begins with a solid foundation in understanding words and their structures. Traditionally, high-frequency and irregular words have been taught through memorization, a method that often falls short of promoting...
Orthographic Mapping Explained

Orthographic Mapping Explained

Orthographic mapping is the cognitive process that enables us to establish a solid connection between spoken language and written words. It involves the ability to recognize and link the sounds (phonemes) of words to their corresponding written symbols (graphemes)...

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Emergent Writing Skills

Emergent Writing Skills

Today we’d like to turn our attention to our youngest learners. Let's take a look at one particular area—emergent writing—and discuss the ways in which we can support students in making up for any learning loss or delays that resulted from the pandemic. Millions of...

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